More specifically, the storyline focuses on Prince Philip's demand that Charles attend Gordonstoun.
The Prince had a rather unusual education while growing up. He was firstly educated at home by his governess Catherine Peebles, 'Mipsy', who later described him as 'dreamy and thoughtful.' At the age of eight Kensington Palace announced that Charles would attend school, and was sent to Hill House School in London and then transferred to Cheam School, the oldest private school in England.
According to sources at the time, Charles had not fit in very well at Cheam, finding it hard to make friends.
The Queen and Philip decided it was time for Charles to follow in his father's footsteps and attend Gordonstoun - a remote co-educational school in north-east Scotland.
It was known at the time that Charles was a sensitive child who was exceptionally close to his grandmother, the Queen Mother. At the time, the Queen Mother wrote to Her Majesty urging her to intervene and keep her child closer to home.
In a letter from the royal archives the Queen Mother argues that Charles would be 'terribly cut off and lonely in the far north.'
The letter, dated 23rd May 1961, read: 'I suppose he will be taking his entrance exam for Eton soon. I do hope he passes because it might be the ideal school for one of his character and temperament.'
It is well known that Charles' time at Gordonstoun was not pleasant.
He once referred to his years at the Scottish school as 'a prison sentence.'
A friend of the Prince, Ross Benson, once revealed: 'He was crushingly lonely for most of his time there. The wonder is that he survived with his sanity intact.'
In a letter home, dated 1963, Charles said: 'The people in my dormitory are foul. Goodness, they are horrid. I don’t know how anybody could be so foul.'
In another letter, he told his mother: 'I hardly get any sleep in the House because I snore and I get hit on the head all the time. It’s absolute hell.'
In response, Philip reportedly sent his son stern letters urging him to be stronger.
The hit Netflix series has embarked on depicting this time in Charles' life.